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A Va’a is a Samoan means of transport to carry you on the Ocean from one place to another. The Fa’aSamoa is an eternal concept to describe the Way of the Samoan through Eternity. This site is a Va’a Samoa to transport and share ideas, memories and the things that we love as a community. It will challenge you as much as it entertains and like all that is worthwhile, the more you give, the more you will receive.

I am a Samoan citizen unhappy with zero political returns. and perks for politicians.  The modern consumer citizen requires that leadership serve and insists that the community thrive NOT that the community serve and only the leadership thrive. I am descended from Sa Fuataga and Sa Salamasina, from the villages of Lalomanu, Lepa and Sa’ava, Falealili, Samoa.

O lo’u igoa Faleauto Simi Maua Taua, born Maua James Faleauto, Auckland 18 July 1959, graduated BA LLB Auckland University 1983. Matai – Taua i Lalomanu 1993, tatau- 1994

I am a man who steps up to speak each day because I have a simple mission.

I must do all that I can with what I have to save the land and people of Samoa from exploitation.

There may be no cavalry and no promise of success but my heart cannot bear the thought that the values of our ancestors in this promised land of Samoa will be lost to those who would sell away the freedom of our people.

I am one together we are Samoa.

Less than fifty years after Independence the Human Rights Protection Party is seeking to seize control of all Samoan land, tax it and extinguish the ancestral title known as Customary land with the help of the Asian Development Bank.

No piece of legislation is more indicative of political corruption in modern Samoa than the Land Titles Registration Act 2008.

The vision of our Ancestors is Alofa.

 

Pocket

 

 

A Va’a is a Samoan means of transport to carry you on the Ocean from one place to another. The Fa’aSamoa is an eternal concept to describe the Way of the Samoan through Eternity. This site is a Va’a Samoa to transport and share ideas, memories and the things that we love as a community. It will challenge you as much as it entertains and like all that is worthwhile, the more you give, the more you will receive.

I am a Samoan citizen unhappy with zero political returns. and perks for politicians.  The modern consumer citizen requires that leadership serve and insists that the community thrive NOT that the community serve and only the leadership thrive. I am descended from Sa Fuataga and Sa Salamasina, from the villages of Lalomanu, Lepa and Sa’ava, Falealili, Samoa.

O lo’u igoa Faleauto Simi Maua Taua, born Maua James Faleauto, Auckland 18 July 1959, graduated BA LLB Auckland University 1983. Matai – Taua i Lalomanu 1993, tatau- 1994

I am a man who steps up to speak each day because I have a simple mission.

I must do all that I can with what I have to save the land and people of Samoa from exploitation.

There may be no cavalry and no promise of success but my heart cannot bear the thought that the values of our ancestors in this promised land of Samoa will be lost to those who would sell away the freedom of our people.

I am one together we are Samoa.

Less than fifty years after Independence the Human Rights Protection Party is seeking to seize control of all Samoan land, tax it and extinguish the ancestral title known as Customary land with the help of the Asian Development Bank.

No piece of legislation is more indicative of political corruption in modern Samoa than the Land Titles Registration Act 2008.

The vision of our Ancestors is Alofa.

 

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FSM Taua B.A. L.L.B (Auck.1983) 16 September 2017 04.35 p.m.

How Section 32 of the Land Titles Registration Act 2008 steals customary land from all Aiga members alive and gives it to the HRPP Government

AND

Why the HRPP and ADB won’t talk about it at all

3 groups of people are in this section:

1. AIGA rely on Articles 2, 102 & 109 of the Constitution and Sections 9(4)(5) of the Land Titles Registration Act 2008 to retain customary land ownership and sovereignty of the land, and agree to a customary land lease believing the Sa’o will hold the land for the Aiga in trust.

2. SA’O relies on S.32 and 33 LTRA 2008 to claim individual title, so that he may sell it as freehold land, which is no longer customary, even if he promises Aiga to hold it in trust for them. Section 79(2)(e) LTRA 2008 specifies that ‘the loss or damage [arising] from the breach by a registered proprietor of any trust’ cannot be compensated by the government. ’In total, there is no protection against breaches of trust; a matai who is the registered proprietor could alienate the land and the beneficiaries will not be compensated by the government.

According to Ruiping Ye, LLM Victoria University, Wellington, section 33 of the LTRA, ‘specifies that knowledge that a ‘trust or unregistered interest is in existence’ is not fraud’, and ‘trust includes registered trust, as opposed to trust as a type of unregistered interest.’ Ye argues, ‘purchasing the land with the knowledge of a registered trust may still not constitute fraud, as is the case in purchasing the land with the knowledge of unregistered interest. This may be so even where there is some dishonesty involved.’ Therefore, the practical effect of sections 32 and 33 would constitute alienation, breaching the substantive law, and therefore be illegal, but the bona fide purchaser’s title will still be unimpeachable.

Articles 102 & 109 do not apply anymore because the land is freehold and not customary and the Sa’o can sell it without any consequence by law.

When the Sa’o registers the land, he gains a freehold title. Freehold property can be defined as any estate which is “free from hold” of any entity besides the owner. Hence, the owner of such an estate enjoys free ownership forever and can use the land for any purposes subject to local laws.

The person that has his/her name registered on the title is considered the true owner of the land: ‘personal private property registration’ – absolutely free from all claims (no more Aiga land rights) not recorded except:

3. HRPP Government – escapes all the protections of Article 102 & 109 & Sections 9 (4) (5) by claiming that the Constitution permits by the proviso in Article 102 the granting of a lease without a National Referendum:

` an Act of Parliament may authorize-

(a) The granting of a lease or license of any customary land or of any interest therein;

(b) The taking of any customary land or any interest therein for public purposes.’

And as the land is no longer customary by the effect of S.32 LTRA 2008 but freehold land of the registered Sa’o, so:

– the state can pass an Act to do any act under S.32 (d) (i -iv):

(i) to enter, go across or do things on land
for the purpose specified in the Act,

(ii) to recover taxes, duties, charges, rates
or assessments by proceedings in respect of
land;

(iii) to expropriate land; or

(iv) to restrict the use of land;

Immunity for the Land Registrar

Dr. Iati Iati of Otago University says in `The Implications of Applying the Torrens System to Customary Lands’,

`Critics noted that the Bill provided the Registrar with ‘wide discretionary powers to manage the system’, while failing to provide appropriate checks and balances for this position. Notably, the Registrar would have ‘discretion in the Bill to make changes to the Folio at any time with or without notifying and affirming that changes were made with the concerned parties.’ A folio is a record of the interests over a particular piece of land (LTRA 2008, Section 10). At the same time, the Bill indemnified those managing the system, stipulating, ‘the Ministry shall not be liable to any action or proceedings for or in respect of any act or matter done or omitted to be done in good faith.’ The Bill did not define ‘In good faith’. Critics argued this opened the way for corrupt, fraudulent, and unfair registrations, particularly as the Bill also contained vague terminology that could be misconstrued and/or manipulated, such as, ‘as the Registrar sees fit’ or ‘the Registrar may assume’

It really means that registration under the LTRA 2008 ends the customary status of land and ends all Aiga land rights giving the Sa’o a freehold title, but he is a slave to the state and must pay taxes or do whatever the HRPP say. The Sa’o escapes responsibility to the Aiga by claiming the land became his because of the Torrens System and the HRPP pay no compensation for breaches of trust by Sa’o to Aiga. The Sa’o can sell all the land and disappear or walk around a free man with no fear of being prosecuted.

The Registrar can make many changes to the land records and claim he thought he was doing the right thing. The corrupt HRPP administration will then frustrate any attempts by Aiga to obtain Justice. Without independent courts and honest lawyers, Aiga have no hope of regaining their customary land or even any compensation while legal bills will bankrupt them.

 

O LE  LUMANA’I:   E I’U INA MOU ‘ESE ‘ELE’ELE MA FANUA O SAMOA PE AFAI E LE MAFAI ONA TOTOGI TUPE NONO / AITALAFU.

Tusia:  Elora Raymond

(Fa’asalalauina:   Samoa Observer – 29 Oketopa 2013 I luga o le Initaneti).

I le tausaga e 2008, sa pasia ai e le Malo o Samoa le tulafono fa’atupu fesili i finagalo o le atunu’u, ma o lea tulafono na mafai ai loa ona iai se tusi resitala e fa’amaumauina ai eleele ma fanua i totonu o Samoa (land registry).  O le tausaga e 2013, sa pasia ai fo’i se tasi tulafono fa’atupu fesili i finagalo o le atunu’u, ma o lea tulafono ua fa’atagaina ai ona lisi eleele ma fanua ma mafai ai loa ona nonoina ni tupe ae fa’amautuina i eleele ma fanua lisi.

O fea e ala mai ai nei ituiga mafaufauga e fou i le fa’alogo?  O ai i latou na tusia nei tulafono/ pili?  Pe na maleifua mai le Ali’i Palemia Le Afioga Tuilaepa ma nei mafaufauga ina ia saili ni tupe se tele mai le fa’atauina o eleele ma fanua; pe o se manatu o le Loia Sili? Pe na mafaufauina ea i totonu o Samoa nei mea?

O nei tulafono, sa aumaia lava e le Faletupe o Asia (ADB), o le faletupe lava ua sefulumalelima (15) tausaga talu ona galue ina ia aveeseina tagata Samoa mai o latou eleele ma fanua fa’ale-aganu’u.  O nei tulafono: Tulafono e Resitaraina Fanua ma Suafa 2008 (LTRA) ma le Tulafono o le Komisi Faufautua mo Eleele Faale-Aganu’u 2013 (CLAC), sa tusiina lava e ali’i e faigaluega mo le Faletupe Asia, ma o i latou fo’i e totogiina e tupe mo fesoasoani i atunu’u fa’atagi i ni tupe nono (grant money).

O le fa’amatalaga la lenei.  Na pasia e le malo o Samoa nei tulafono ina ia maua ai tupe nono sa talosagaina, e tasi ma le tele o miliona o tala ($) fa’atasi ai ma le polomisi e toe maua fo’i ma nisi miliona pe a ua mae’a lelei le galuega.  Ua toe itiiti mae’a lenei polokeki (project):  ua toe fa’asilasila e le Faletupe a Asia, o lo o totoe pea ni tulaga e ao ona fa’amae’a lelei ina ia mae’a lelei ai le ave’eseina o eleele fa’ale-aganu’u mai tagata/ aiga Samoa.

O lo o iai pea ni avanoa o lo o totoe e mafai ai ona taofia le alu i luma o lenei polokeki.

Pe na fa’apefea ona amata?

E sili ona amata mai le fa’amatalaga ia Ianuari i le tausaga 1998, o le tausaga lea na fa’asalalau ai se lipoti e ta’u mai ai lo latou matua le fiafia ona o le tele o tupe nono ua alu i Samoa.

O le manatu o lo o i mafaufau o nei faletupe mo atina’e, ia tatau ia Samoa ona faatino nonoga tupe ina ia avea ai le atunu’u ma se atunu’u e maualuga tulaga atina’e i le itu tau tupe (advanced economy). E le taliaina e nisi tagata popoto i le itu tau tupe manatu fa’apei ona fa’alia e le Faletupe o Asia. Fai mai latou, o se fa’ata’ita’iga, o tupe sa nonoina e Amerika e tusa e 80 pasene i le 125 pasene o tupe maua; na o’o ina fa’afuase’i ona pa’u i lalo le tulaga o le atina’e tupe (financial crash) ma i’u ai ina ‘ave’ese fa’amalosi e faletupe fale o tagata e miliona le aofa’i, o le to’atele o nei aiga na nonofo i luga o le auala tele.

Talu mai ia mea na tutupu, ua manatu ai loa le au popoto i le itu tau tupe (economists) i faletupe mo atina’e (development banks), ina ia fa’aeteete i le fa’atinoina o tupe nono/ aitalafu po o tupe mo atina’e (investment);  ae maise fo’i tulaga fa’asino i fa’alapotopotoga nono tupe e iai le IMF, ADB, ma isi faletupe o atina’e na feagai ma le tuleiga o aia tatau o tagata mo fanua fa’a-atunu’u i le itu i Sisifo (western style property ) – na le maua ni fa’amanuiaga (economic growth) mo tagata i le tele o atunu’u na a’afia (developing nations).

O le lipoti a le Faletupe Asia lea na fa’asalalau i le tausaga 1998, sa faia tonu lava i le taimi fa’atoa tula’i mai ai le ali’i Palemia le Afioga Tuilaepa i lona tausaga muamua. O le vaitaimi tonu lena sa taufa’amata’u ai le faletupe ile Malo o Samoa, na fa’aalia ai e le toe mafai ona nono ni tupe mo Samoa se i vagana ua fa’atino tulaga ia e lua:

  • Ina ia ave’esea mai le Malo Samoa(privatize) le pulega o fa’alapotopotoga tautua fa’apitoa uma ua i lalo o le va’ava’aiga a le Malo (state owned enterprises) ma
  • Ina ia pasia tulafono e mafai ai ona fa’atino ni mokesi mo eleele ma fanua fa’ale-aganu’u.

Afai e malie iai Samoa i ia tulaga, ona mafai fo’i lea ona nonoina se tupe e US$7.5 miliona i le matagaluega o lo’o va’aia tupe a le atunu’u, fa’atasi ai ma se isi US$1.0 miliona e totogi ai nisi e fesoasoani i le fa’atinoga o tulaga ta’ua i luga pei o i latou e iai le tomai tau tupe ma fesoasoani tau loia.

Atonu o le taimi lea sa tatau ai lava ona tali atu le Malo “Leai Fa’afetai.” Peita’i sa le o le tulaga lea na iai.

I le Tausaga 2000, sa nono atu e le Faletupe Asia (ADB) se tupe e US$3.5 miliona le aofa’i mo le Polokeki (project) fa’anumeraina o le 33167 i le Vaega Fa’apitoa (matagaluega) e va’aia tupe a le atunu’u.  Sa ioe le Malo i mea e tolu pei ona ta’ua i luga: Ave’esea mai le Malo le pulega(privatize) o fa’alapotopotoga tautua fa’apitoa (state owned enterprises), amata se resitala (land register) e resitala ma fa’amaumauina ai eleele ma fanua, ma fa’atagaina loa ona fai o ni aitalafu / mokesi e fa’aaogaina ai eleele fa’ale-aganu’u po o eleele tau Samoa.

O ai la o le Malo sa lagolagoina ma talia lenei fefa’ataua’iga?

Fai mai le Faletupe o Asia(ADB) (ma e le i suia lava le latou tali) o le maliega i lenei fefa’ataua’iga e sau sa’o lava mai le “tumutumu o le Malo” ma e le taumateina le sau mai i le ali’i Palemia, le Afioga Tuila’epa.

O latou nei o le Malo sa auai i le tautaiina ma le fa’atinoga o le Polokeki – Susuga Hinauri Petana, Failautusi mo le Matagaluega Teu Tupe ma ‘Oloa; Afioga Papali’i Scanlan, Kovana o le Faletupe Tu Totonu o Samoa; Susuga Falani Chan Tung, Failautusi Matagaluega o Fefa’ataua’iga, Pisinisi ma ‘Au’aunaga.

E le i fesiligia se finagalo o le Palemene po o le mamalu o le atunu’u mo se fesoasoani i lenei mataupu ua aumai ai ni a’afiaga fa’ale-tulafono e fa’asino i ‘ele’ele ma fanua fa’ale-aganu’u po o fanua tau-Samoa.

E iloa ane mulimuli lenei polokeki, ua te’a ni nai tausaga talu ona ioe le Malo i le Faletupe.

Mai le amataga la o lenei polokeki, sa maua e le Malo mai le Faletupe o Asia (ADB) se tupe o lona aofa’iga e US$500,000 mo fesoasoani fa’a-loia (legal advice). E le ni tupe maua fua ona sa totogiina ai ali’i loia ina ia sui vaega o le Tulafono Fa’avae (Constitution) o Samoa e mafai ai ona fa’aaoga ‘ele’ele ma fanua tau-Samoa e tagata fai pisinisi(investors) mai fafo atu o le atunu’u.

O fa’atonuga sa ‘ave i ali’i loia: – ina ia amata se resitala (registry) e fa’amaumauina  i lalo, suafa pe a resitala fanua; ina ia faia ni suiga fa’ale-tulafono e tatau ona fai e fa’asa’oloto mai ai eleele ma fanua fa’ale-aganu’u  o alalafaga ina ia  mafai ona fa’aaoga mo atina’e; ma ia, iloiloina le tulafono fa’asino i eleele ma fanua, e aofia ai ae le gata mai ai, tulafono o lo o avea ma fa’afitauli i le fa’asa’olotoina o eleele ma fanua fa’ale-aganu’u mo ni atina’e e ala mai ai ni manuia se tele.

1 & 2 – Sa una’ina fo’i  i latou sa iai le tomai fa’a-loia, ina ia su’esu’e ma iloilo toto’a le tulaga ua fa’asaina ai  tagata e le o umia suafa matai, ona fa’atino le lisiina o fanua, atoa ma tulaga uma e mafai ai ona resitala  fanua  lisi …ma saunia ai loa se talosaga tusitusia, mo se fa’amasinoga a le Fa’amasinoga Maualuga, e tusa o le tulaga fa’atulafonoina o le mokesiina o ni mana’ona’oga i eleele fa’ale-aganu’u….lisi e fa’atinoina ma le fesoasoani a faletupe i totomu o le atunu’u, e atina’eina se fa’ata’ita’iga mo le fa’atauaina o mana’oga faasino i fanua lisi.

A mafaufau i tua i le tausaga 2002, sa iloa lelei lava i na vaitaimi, e i latou sa faufautua mo le Faletupe Asia (ADB), e le taitai ona taliaina e tagata Samoa lenei maliega fefa’ataua’iaga ua faia i o latou eleele ma fanua fa’ale-aganu’u.

“O le a tete’e malosi tagata i lenei suiga ua fuafuaina ina ia maua se tamao’aiga tele mai o latou eleele fa’ale-aganu’u,” o sa latou tusitusiga lea. Ae peita’i, sa leai se kea (didn’t care), “ua lava lelei manatu – fia sa’ili –  manuia (sufficient will) e fa’atino ai loa fuafuaga mo suiga fa’ale-tulafono ma le fa’aaogaina o ia tulafono.”

3 –  Lona uiga, pe a fa’afaigofieina le mataupu, o le a galue le ali’i Palemia le Afioga Tuila’epa e tulei le tulafono i totonu o le Palemene.

Na galulue loa ali’i loia a le Faletupa Asia (ADB), mo ni tausaga soso’o ai, e tusiina loa Pili Taufa’aofi mo le palemene. E ui lava sa malosi ni tete’e e pei ona sa iloaina i le amataga, ae na pasia lava le Tulafono Taufa’aofi e Resitalaina Fanua ma Suafa 2008, pasia ma le Tulafono e Fa’aaogaina Fanua e Fa’amautuina ai ni Fuafuaga (Securitization Act) 2012, po o le tulafono na manana’o le Faletupe o Asia (ADB) i le tausaga 1998 lea sa fa’amalosiina i tupe (bribe) le Matagaluega teutupe ina ia pasia i le tausaga e 2000 ae fa’ato’a tusitusia i le tausaga 2006.

Po o le a la le isi mea e soso’o ai?

E le i mae’a le polokeki a le Faletupe Asia (ADB) ina ia mautu se maketi e mokesi ai eleele fa’ale-aganu’u.  Tusa o le mea mulimuli e fia fa’apipi’i o le paso fa’aletulafono (legal puzzle), o le su’e lea o se auala e fa’amautu ai se suafa /igoa e le tagata fou o le a ona ina (ownership) eleele po o fanua fa’ale-aganu’u.

Ae mo le taimi nei, e ono fa’atagaina se matai e lisi eleele fa’ale-aganu’u, ae afai e mana’omia se mokesi e fa’aaogaina ai e ni fai pisinisi mai fafo fanua lisi e taua tele ona iloaina suafa o e ona fanua ma le latou fa’atagana o se pisinisi e fa’atino i luga o ia fanua.

E matua le fa’atagaina e le tulafono ona fa’atino lenei mea:  O eleele ma fanua Samoa o mea totino ia a le aiga potopoto. E leai leai lava se tagata e to’atasi po o ni tagata, e leai fo’i se tupu’aga, na te mafai ona onaina nei fanua.

O se fa’afitauli tele lea i le Faletupe Asia (ADB), ma o le galuega e tatau ona fai o le fa’aititia lea o le aiga potopoto i ni nai igoa o ni tagata o lo o soifua pea, ina ia mafai ai ona sainia ni pepa e tu’uina mai ai la latou fa’atagana. O le mea lea ua iai le tupe a le Faletupe Asia o lona aofa’i e US$400,000 e totogi ai nisi (consultants) e faia lea galuega. O i latou mai fafo po o totonu lava o Samoa sa tusitusia lenei galuega fa’ale-tulafono (legal framework).

E maua uma le tala o lenei fuafuaga a le Faletupe(ADB) i totonu o fa’amaumauga o le Polokeki Vaega lll:  Polokalame Mo le Tamaoaiga fa’aaogaina ai Eleele ma Fanua fa’ale-aganu’u i Samoa.  Va’ai i le Uepisati (website).

Mo le isi tolu tausaga, o le a taumafai ai le Faletupe o Asia (ADB), e suia tulaga o e onaina eleele fa’ale-aganu’u.  O le a iai se Vaega laititi e galulue i le tulafono (Legal Working Group) e galulue e fa’aaogaina le Fono Faufautua mo Eleele fa’ale-aganu’u (CLAC), o lo o i totonu o le Matagaluega  o Puna’oa Fa’alenatura ma le Si’osi’omaga(MNRE).

Afai e leai se maliega e tasi a lenei Vaega Laititi Faigaluega (Legal Working Group) e i’u ina le manuia le polokeki.

E le gata fo’i i lea, e tatau foi i le Faletupe o Asia (ADB) ona fa’aaoga le tulafono i fa’amasinoga e tofotofo pe se tulafono e mafai ona fa’aaoga (test law in court).  Talu ai ua iai se tagata faipisinisi (investor) mai fafo, ua mafai ona maua sana lisi o se fanua fa’ale-aganu’u.  O le a taumafai sana aitalafu mai le Faletupe o le ANZ i Samoa e fa’aaogaina ai lana fanua lisi. Afai e mafai sana noga tupe mai lea faletupe, lona uiga o le fa’amaoniga lea o le a mafai ai loa ona fa’atino ni aitalafu i fanua lisi.

Po o ai lenei tagata faipisinisi mai se atunu’u i fafo? Po o fea fo’i le nu’u lea ua talia le pisinisi? Pe le ua tatau loa i se sui o le aiga ona ‘ave lenei mataupu ma fesiligia i le fa’amasinoga o Fanua ma Suafa, aua afai e ave i le fa’amasinoga, e mafai ona fa’alavelave i le polokeki ma e i’u ina fa’amutaina ai.

Afai la e fai atu le faamasinoga o lenei mataupu ae faia’ina le tagata faipisinisi, lona uiga ua tele fo’i le fa’afitauli i le faletupe o Asia (ADB).

O se polokeki e fa’asino i le fa’atauaina o le fa’amaoni ma le amiotonu i le fa’atinoga o auaunaga i totonu o Amerika, ua latou tusia ma lolomi se Ta’iala ina ia fesoasoani ai i le Faletupe o Asia (ADB) i ana polokalame ua i’u le manuia pe ua le taulau o latou fa’amoemoega.

O se tasi auala e ao ina fa’atino, o le fa’afeso’ota’i lea o le o lo o feagai ma le polokeki (project officer) Malie Lototele i le imeli mlototele@adb.org,  ma e mafai ona tu’uina iai ni fa’afitauli ua aliali mai ua le mulimuli ai le fa’atinoga o le polokeki a le ADB i tulafono tusia (regulations) a le Faletupe o Asia (ADB).

O se fa’ata’ita’iga o se fa’afitauli e ono tautalagia ai le Faletupe o Asia, pe afai ua fa’atino se fuafuaga e ono ave’eseina ai tagata muamua (indigenous peoples) ma a latou aganu’u mai o latou fanua. O lona uiga e mautinoa lava ni aiaiga fa’a-Faletupe Asia   mo tupe totogi pea (default rate), mo ni mokesi e fa’aaogaina ai eleele fa’ale-aganu’u. Lona uiga e tatau lava ona mae’a fa’atinoga mo le aveeseina o eleele fa’ale-aganu’u ona e mana’omia lea ae le i fa’amautuina tulaga i le pasene o tupe aitalafu (interest rate) e ao ona totogi i le faletupe!

O lona uiga, ua mautinoa fo’i, ua mae’a ona galulue le Faletupe Asia (ADB) i le pasene o tagata Samoa e ono faia ni aitalafu mai faletupe, e fa’aaogaina ai fanua lisi, ma o i latou fo’i ia o le a le mafai ona totogi aitalafu mai faletupe –  po o le pasene o tagata Samoa ua mateina e le Faletupe (ADB) e ono migi o latou fanua i se fai pisinisi (investor) ma i’u ina fa’atau atu ia fanua i luga o le maketi lautele. Pe le o le mea ea lea ua ta’ua o le ‘aveeseina o tagata mai o latou eleele?

Pe le o lea fo’i le mafua’aga ua tatau ai loa i le Faletupe Asia (ADB)ona silasila toto’a i tulaga taua ua uma ona fa’ata’atia i totonu lava o le faletupe (ADB), ma iloilo lelei le tulaga mata’utia ua tula’i mai i Samoa, ona ua a’afia eleele ma fanua fa’ale-aganu’u i ni fuafuaga a le Faletupe Asia. O se tiute lea ua tatau ona fa’atino e le faletupe, talu ai o Samoa e leai ni a’oa’oga mo tagata e mana’omia ni nonoga tupe/ aitalafu mai faletupe; ae o se atunu’u ua iai tulaga mo nonoga tupe / aitalafu i faletupe e ono a’afia ma mafatia ai tagata ma aiga Samoa.

4 – E manatu, o le a toe mafaufau le Malo Samoa i nei tulaga fa’ale-tulafono e aumai e ni suiga i tulafono fa’asino i eleele ma fanua fa’ale-aganu’u. Peita’i o le maitau atu lava i uiga ma aga ale Malo o Samoa, e leai se toe fo’i i tua i fuafuaga ua uma ona malilie iai fa’atasi ma le Faletupe o Asia (ADB). O lona uiga o le a fa’aauau pea fuafuaga o le polokeki (project)ma le Faletupe Asia (ADB), e tusa fo’i pe o le a resitala ai eleele o aiga potopoto i le igoa o se tagata to’atasi ae i’u ai ina aveese ai aia tatau fa’a-suli a tupulaga ma tupulaga fai mai a aiga potopoto.

Manatua fo’i, i le tausaga e 2000, na polomisi e le Faletupe Asia (ADB)se tupe o lona aofa’i e US$7.5 miliona mo le Matagaluega e va’aia tupe, ina ia fa’atino ai e le Malo Samoa le polokeki e ‘ave’ese ai mai aiga potopoto o latou eleele ma fanua fa’ale-aganu’u mo tagata fai pisinisi mai fafo (foreign investors). I le taimi nei, na o le aofa’i e US$3.5 miliona ua nonoina atu e le Faletupe ia Samoa – toe ai lea o le US$4.0 miliona o tupe nono e tu’uina fo’i i le Matagaluega tau tupe pe a mae’a tulaga uma o le maliega ua sainia ma le Faletupe Asia (ADB).

Afai e mafai e le Faletupe o Asia (ADB) ona fa’atino se maketi fa’apitoa mo le mokesiina o eleele ma fanua, o le a ni mea e ono tutupu mai? Talu ai le faigata o tulaga tautupe i Samoai taimi nei, e matua mata’utia ma le talafeagai ai ona iai ni mana’oga fa’apisinisi mo eleele o Samoa mai i atunu’u i fafo pe a fa’atusatusa i nisi lava taimi ua tuana’i i le tala fa’asolopito o le atunu’u.

O lo o o’u tusi atu mai le ‘a’ai tutotonu o Atlanta (City). Na a’afia tele lenei nofoaga tutotonu mo tausaga e lima talu ona fa’afuase’i ona tupu se tulaga mata’utia (credit bubble deflation) talu ona le mafaia e tagata ona totogi tupe nono mai faletupe na fausiaina ai o latou fale sa nonofo ai. E tusa ma o le aofa’i o tagata i Samoa, le fuainumera o tagata sa ave’esea fa’amalosi mai o latou fale,i tausaga ta’itasi mo tausaga e lima,  ina ua le mafai ona totogiina aitalafu/ mokesi o a latou fale.

Talu mai le tausaga 1997, na amata ai lenei fa’afitauli i fale fa’atau ma aitalafu ua le mafai ona totogi, atoa ai ma le anoano o tagata ua faamalosi ona leai o ni o latou fale e nonofo ai. Sa tutupu nei fa’afitauli i so o se itu o le lalolagi ma sa a’afia atunu’u o lo o tau atia’e le tamao’aiga(developing nations) fa’atasi ma atunu’u o lo o maoa’e le tamaoaiga(first world economies).

E pei fo’i ona ua fa’atetele mai matagi malolosi ua a’afia ai atunu’u ona o le vevela ua iai le lalolagi (global warming), ua fa’apena fo’i ona mata’utia tulaga fa’afuase’i(financial crises) e tutupu mai ina ua fa’alautele le tulaga o le  maketi mo le fa’atauina o fanua ma fale. Manatu o atunu’u sa le a’afia i ia fa’alavelave mata’utia tautupe, sa leai se feso’ota’iga o maketi i totonu o le atunu’u(domestic) ma le maketi o tupe a le lalolagi(global finance). A le o lena, manatu fo’i sa lelei tele le puipuiina fa’ale-tulafono o tagata sa nonoina tupe.

O lona uiga la, afai e mafai e le Faletupe o Asia (ADB) ona fa’atino i Samoa le maketi fa’apitoa mo tagata fai pisinisi mai atunu’u i fafo (foreign investors), e vave fo’i ona tutupu fa’afitauli e pei ona tutupu  i alalafaga pei o Atlanta ma isi atunu’u o le lalolagi.

 

O le Tusitala o lenei tala, o le tama’ita’i e suafa ia Elora Raymond, na a’oga ma fai ana su’esu’ega mo lona fa’ailoga maualuga o le PhD i le A’oga e igoa o le Housing Finance School mo Aai ma Itumalo i le Georgia Institute of Technology i Atlanta, Georgia. Sa faigaluega lenei tama’ita’i i le Matagaluega e fai ai Su’esu’ega i Mataupu fa’apitoa mo le Faletupe o le Malo Amerika e ta’u o le Federal Reserve Bank. E ui la ina sa faigaluega mo le Reserve Bank,ae tuto’atasi lava ana fa’ai’uga na fai ma fa’ailoa mai i lenei tusitusiga . E le o ni fa’ai’uga a le Reserve Bank o Amerika.

  

Ua fa’amanuiaina nei le tama’ita’i tusitala i lona fa’ailoga maualuga ma ua ta’ua nei o ia o Dr Elora Raymond –Setema 2017.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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